Looking for facts about alcohol use and alcoholism in the United States? Check out the information below to learn more.
How Common is Alcohol Use?
Alcohol is the most commonly used addictive substance in the United States: 17.6 million people, or one in every 12 adults, suffer from alcohol abuse or dependence. Every year, several million more drink heavily. Not all binge drinkers become alcoholics, but it is a risk factor.
In the past year:
- 68.6% of men over age 12 drank alcohol
- 62.9% of women over age 12 drank alcohol
- 24.9% reported binge drinking
- 6.5% reported heavy drinking
- 5.9% met the criteria for a substance use disorder (a.k.a. “alcohol abuse” or alcoholism)
Alcoholism and Healthcare
- Alcoholism is the 3rd leading lifestyle-related cause of death in the nation
- Binge drinking is responsible for 2.5 million years of potential life lost annually, or an average of about 30 years of potential life lost for each death
- Up to 40% of all hospital beds in the United States are being used to treat health conditions that are related to alcohol
- Older adults are hospitalized as often for alcohol-related problems as for heart attacks
Alcohol and Public Safety
- Nearly one-third of all traffic-related fatalities in the United States are a result of driving under the influence of alcohol
- DUIs continue to be one of the most frequent causes of arrests every year
- DUIs cost the United States more than $44 billion each year in prosecution, higher insurance rates, higher taxes, medical claims and property damage
- There are more than 2,200 alcohol overdose deaths in the United States each year—an average of six deaths every day
Signs of alcohol overdose include:
- Difficulty staying awake
- Trouble breathing
- Slow heart rate
- Clammy skin
- No gag reflex (which prevents choking)
- Low body temperature
Cold showers, hot coffee, or walking will not reverse an alcohol overdose. They can actually make things worse. Don’t act alone – call 911 immediately.
Warning Signs of Alcoholism
Sometimes the warning signs of alcohol abuse are very noticeable. Other times, they can take longer to surface. It is important to act quickly when the warning signs appear. Catching alcoholism early can improve the chances for a healthy recovery.
Common signs of alcoholism include:
- Being unable to control your drinking
- Drinking after you’ve promised to quit
- Unsuccessfully limiting the amount you drink
- Spending less time on activities that used to be important, such as hanging out with family and friends, exercising, or pursuing hobbies or other interests
- Drinking despite consequences
- Putting alcohol above personal responsibilities and relationships
- Going out of your way to hide the amount you drink
- Drop in attendance and performance at work or school
- Needing to drink more and more in order to produce the same effect
- Withdrawal symptoms such as shakiness, trembling, sweating, nausea or fatigue
Does this sound familiar? If you or someone you love may be an alcoholic, seek help today.