Posted on August 11, 2017 by Laura Fuller
The study – conducted by the National Institute on Alcohol and Alcoholism, the New York State Psychiatric Institute, and Columbia University – tracked drinking patterns among 40,000 people between 2002 and 2003, and then again from 2012 to 2013. During this period, AUDs rose by almost 50%, with an estimated 30 million Americans actively struggling to overcome alcohol misuse. Researchers cited the rise as a “public health crisis” on par with the current national opioid crisis.
“We have given a lot of attention to opioids because the deaths associated with these substances,” said Dyben. “In considering this data, we must recognize that addiction is a disease caused by a number of substances. This includes substances such as alcohol that are pervasive in our society. The problem isn’t the substance – in this case, alcohol – the problem is the disease. If you took away all of the opioids in the country, people would still die from the disease of addiction. We have to begin treating addiction as a healthcare issue.
Of 11 criteria used for this study, the presence of two or more indicated an AUD, while six or more indicated a severe alcohol use disorder. The study also tracked other patterns like “high-risk” drinking, which researchers defined as four or more drinks per day for women and five for men, with at least one day per week which exceeds those limits. These criteria revealed a swell of high-risk drinking that has increased on pace with alcohol misuse. Their body of research also compared the rates of alcohol use disorders and high-risk drinking among various populations.
JAMA’s research revealed a startling increase in alcohol use among women. High-risk drinking increased nearly 60% and AUDs increased nearly 84%. In addition to women, older adults also reported escalating levels of alcohol use. Among adults age 65 and older, high-risk drinking increased 65% while AUDs increased roughly 107%. “Addiction is a disease that transcends gender, age, race, status, and even specific drugs,” stated Dr. Dyben. “We must also consider whether the rates of use have actually increased, or if we are just beginning to uncover more of it. Both of these populations have historically had more barriers to treatment. These barriers including a greater degree of shame associated with substance use. It is possible that these populations have seen a reduction in these barriers which allow them to more freely admit how much they have actually been drinking.”
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