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Cocaine, commonly called coke, is a powerfully addictive illegal stimulant that directly affects the brain. Adverse effects can be short or long-term. With prolonged use, cocaine may cause serious brain changes and medical conditions.

Slang terms include:

  • Coke
  • Crack
  • White Girl
  • Blow
  • Snow
  • Candy Cane
  • Crystal
  • Big C
  • C-dust
  • Bubble Gum
  • Sip
  • Pearl

How is cocaine used?
Crack is a powder form of cocaine that can be freebased, or smoked, while the water-soluble form of cocaine can be snorted or injected. Users sometimes mix cocaine and heroin or morphine for a dangerous  “speedball.” Others use it with alcohol for a combination upper/downer.

Signs of usage and effects of cocaine include:

  • Euphoria
  • Excitement
  • Sociability
  • Energy
  • If snorted, nasal passages can be dried and user sniffs often
  • Strokes
  • Seizures
  • Hyperthermia
  • Low blood pressure
  • Coma

Withdrawal from cocaine can include:

  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Severe headaches

Long-term effects:

  • Psychosis
  • Hallucinations
  • Paranoia