Heroin Overdose is Deadly
Heroin is a synthetic, highly addictive opioid that can produce intense feelings of euphoria. When taken in excessive amounts or in combination with other drugs, heroin can depress normal functions such as breathing and heart rate until they eventually stop, resulting in death. In the United States, roughly 116 people a day die from opioid-related drug overdoses, such as those resulting from heroin use. Overdoses are no respecter of age, gender, or status. Addiction affects us all equally, and those using opioids are at the greatest risk for drug overdose. In 2014, more than 11,000 hospitalizations occurred for unintentional, heroin-related poisonings. Many of those people do not survive.
As heroin use has increased, so have heroin-related overdose deaths:
- Nearly 15,500 people died of a heroin overdose in 2016.
- Heroin-related overdose deaths increased fivefold from 2010 to 2016.
- From 2015 to 2016, heroin overdose death rates increased by nearly 20%.
- During 2016, around 948,000 people in the United States used heroin in the past year.
- The United States accounts for approximately 25% of the estimated number of drug-related deaths worldwide, including overdose deaths.
Past misuse of prescription opioids is the strongest risk factor for starting heroin use. Prescription opioids slow the central nervous system to produce a calming effect. These substances are often prescribed to relieve pain. They are often recreationally misused by people with addictions or substance use disorders.
The facts about prescription opioids and heroin use:
- Over 9 out of 10 people using heroin also used at least one other substance.
- Nearly 80% of heroin users reported misusing prescription opioids prior to heroin.
- Among people presenting for opioid addiction treatment (including heroin) roughly 2 out of 3 started with prescription opioids.
You Can Save a Life
Action taken as soon as possible could save a life. If you think someone has overdosed, knowing how to respond is crucial. Immediately activate the response plan for an opioid overdose if you see any of these signs. (This information is not a substitute for more detailed training. You can find more information on SAMHSA’s website.)
How to Respond Quickly to an Overdose:
- Before you act, check for dangers such as needles.
- Call an ambulance, tell the operator your location, and stay on the line.
- Try to get a response from the person by calling their name and/or by rubbing your knuckles firmly across their breastbone.
- If you can’t get a response, put them in the recovery position allowing their airways to remain open.
Naloxone (also known by one of the brands Narcan®) is the life-saving drug used by paramedics to revive people who have overdosed on opioid drugs. If you have Naloxone, administer the dose and note the time for paramedics. Sometimes, multiple doses may be required.
Break the Stigma
As an organization, we will continue to disrupt the stigma associated with heroin overdose, and spread the message that the tragedy of overdose death is preventable. Remember: recovery is possible. Together, we can reduce the stigma of overdose, addiction, and recovery.
If you or a loved one is struggling with heroin addiction, the solution is as close as your phone. Call (844) 211-9059